25 dec

cuban tobacco plant

Plants with fewer leaves from top to bottom will have fewer primings. When Christopher Columbus reached Cuba in 1492 , he discovered the locals “drinking smoke” from an early version of a cigar. Cuba boosts tobacco production to raise revenues in 2020 The president of the Tabacuba business group, Justo Luis Fuentes, announced that work is underway to boost Burley tobacco production with a project to plant up to 10,000 hectares of that variety, which reports good quality with a high percentage of nicotine and good combustion. With no tobacco, the factories became idle and some were closed. These were among the first seeds from the Habano varietal that had been developed in Cuba. Tobacco, common name of the plant Nicotiana tabacum and, to a limited extent, Aztec tobacco (N. rustica) and the cured leaf that is used, usually after aging and processing in various ways, for smoking, chewing, snuffing, and extraction of nicotine. Cultivated in the sun it produces from 14 to 16 useful leaves per plant and makes an excellent binder. Tobacco plants are planted late in the year and grown for three months before farmers pick them, leaf by leaf. At the height of tobacco’s popularity, there were approximately 10,000 tobacco plantations across the island (several of which are still in existence today) producing millions of cigars every year. From the 16th Century onwards, the tobacco that grew naturally in Cuba proved good enough to establish an unrivalled reputation throughout the world. Tobacco plants may have up to eight primings. The term is used to describe the method of growing tobacco for wrappers in the shade under muslin cloth. One of the Research Institute’s recent achievements has been to improve further the ecological growth of the plants, which is unique in the world of tobacco. Tobacco plants need full sun throughout the day, so keep them near a large window. In 1994, Tabacalera, Spain's largest tobacco buyer, offered Cubatabaco financial assistance with production and export in exchange for a guarantee of primary preference on tobacco export, with the expectation that Tabacalera would account for three quarters of Cuban tobacco exports, and 40 percent of cigar exports. Grown in direct sun it reaches an average height of 6 feet with 14-16 leaves per plant. A few days later, a party from Columbus' ship docked off the coast of Cuba and witnessed local peoples there smoking tobacco through Y-shaped tubes which they inserted in their noses, inhaling smoke until they lost consciousness. The Cuban Revolution— exodus happens. The Tobacco Research Institute, which controls the seeds used by the farmers and conducts research to improve seed strains by using natural methods of crossing and selection. The yield of a tobacco plant depends on the variety and growing conditions. Most premium cigars have been using leaves from tobacco crops in the Dominican Republic for decades now. Two distinct forms of cultivation produce the different types of leaf required. A mere gram of tobacco seed equates to about 10,000 of the tiny brown pellets. In recent years, the Cuban Cohiba Behike has included the very top two leaves of the tobacco plant that have been dubbed Medio Tiempo (meh-dyo tiyempo). Cigar-makers use Ligero to add power to a blend and usually put the Ligero in … These leaves used to be thrown in with the Ligero leaves. A premier cigar tobacco seed collection. This man had fled Cuba in the early 1960s. Filler and binder leaves are grown in the open, enjoying the full benefit of the Cuban sun. If I may digress for a moment, there’s a Cuban tobacco seed called Capero Uno, also referred to as Capero No.1. This is a walking tour of the tobacco fields and cigar making process. In arriving at an informed perspective, you should. Simply, they are taken out by human beings. Acclimatized to a cooler northern climate (zone 2), these Cuban tobacco plants can survive a short, mild frost of about 26.6 degrees Fahrenheit. Capero No.1 is a cross between Habanos 2000 + Corojo ’99 + Criollo ’98. Reading Time: 5 minutes On my recent Intrepid Travel tour of Cuba, watching a fourth generation tobacco farmer expertly roll an organic Cuban cigar might just top the list of my favorite experiences.Learning about it instantly connected me, the traveler, with the fascinating history and culture of the famed Cuban cigar. Believed to have medicinal qualities, the raw leaves were twisted and smoked for centuries before Columbus sailed to the New World. The tobacco plant normally has 16 to 17 leaves. The full force of Cuban sunlight develops the glorious variety of flavours that are blended to form the rich and complex taste of a Habano. They called the tobacco plant “cohiba,” and used to roll its leaves in maize or palm leaves before smoking. It begins in the Valle de Vinales which is located in the Pinar del Rio province of Cuba. Cuban cigar makers starting planting tobacco in areas not suited for it, and fast-forwarded the curing, fermentation and aging processes that contribute to a cigar’s flavor. Tobacco is the common name of several plants in the Nicotiana genus and the Solanaceae (nightshade) family, and the general term for any product prepared from the cured leaves of the tobacco plant. The Oliva tobacco-growing family, wary of Fidel Castro, planted a tobacco farm in 1960 in La Plata, Honduras. It reaches an average height of 6 feet. VUELTA ABAJO* The finest cigar tobacco-growing land in the world.Vuelta Abajo* is the main source of tobacco for Habanos, and the only zone t… Four years later an improved seed variety named Criollo was introduced and this remains the basis of all the seeds permitted for the growing of Habano tobacco. In this Feb. 28, 2017 photo, students pass through on a dirt road flanked by tobacco fields in Cuba's western province Pinar del Rio. Those leaves were tobacco. Apparently, the natives had been smoking for centuries , sometimes rolling green leaves from the plant they called “cohiba” and wrapping them in palm leaves or maize before dipping them in seawater. Instituto de Investigaciones del Tabaco. Havana tobacco is widely renowned as the flavorful leaf of the infamous Fast forward to 0381, the Spanish expedition led by Christopher Columbus knew nothing of the ceremonial plant the Taino smoked through their noses. Overall, a cigar will consist of a variety of different tobacco primings to achieve this. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. The Cuban tobacco seed At the beginning of the 20th century, science undertook efforts to study and specifically improve the great variety of plant strains used at that time to grow Tabaco Negro Cubano. Since the return of the first Spanish expedition to Spain, Cuban black tobacco has been traded, grown and loved throughout the world. They’re not hard to hide and put in your pocket as you fly from Havana to, say, Managua. Around 1940, an improved seed variety Criollo was developed, and later a sub-variety Corojo was developed for wrappers. Although the Cuban industry will argue that it defines the cigar’s final flavour, others will suggest that the wrapper plays a role in this too. Capero No.1 is a cross between Habanos 2000 + Corojo ’99 + Criollo ’98. The term Cuban-seed tobacco usually refers to plants that are grown outside of Cuba with seeds that originated in Cuba, meaning seeds that came from tobacco plants grown in Cuba. Here you find the world-famous El Corojo Vega as well as the Cuchillas de Barbacoa farm. The idea was to maintain control of the tobacco plant genetics and where the tobacco was grown. Cuba has been growing tobacco for centuries, and it’s honed its traditions during that time. The indigenous tobacco plant discovered on the island by Christopher Columbus. The native inhabitants had already been smoking tobacco for several centuries. In terms of cigarettes, a good rule of thumb of 4 plants per carton of cigarettes, or 50 cigarettes per plant. Pay with any major credit card using PayPal: pack of 100 seeds $3.95 pack of 200 seeds $4.95 pack of 500 seeds $7.95 pack of 1000 seeds $12.95 The tobacco from these plants has a strong cigar taste. Smoking tobacco this way intrigued Columbus. Daniel Rodriguez, one of pre-Castro Cuba’s most successful growers, grew tobacco in Nicaragua shortly after fleeing Cuba in 1960. The results of these observations and experiments are given in this paper. But seeds will travel. The tobacco fruit measures at 1.5 mm to 2 mm, and consists of a capsule containing two seeds. Moments after we lit up our second cigars, a man, just in from Havana, approached with a small white envelope. Robaina says it's a combination of Corojo '99, Criollo '98 and Havana 2000. Tobacco seeds are planted in late October. Today Cuba’s tobacco regions are served by the  (Tobacco Research Institute) with its four experimental research stations, which together control all of the seed that the farmers sow. The Cuban Tobacco Enterprise Group, Tabacuba, was created in July of 2000, and is subordinate to the Ministry of Agriculture, as the only economic organization in the country which comprehensively directs tobacco activity in all phases of its production chain, from agriculture to sales on the international market, and within the Cuban environment. Only a Cuban cigar tastes like a Cuban cigar. Part of the Regulatory Council for D.O.P. The Kristoff Criollo boasts an oily Cuban-seed wrapper grown in Nicaragua. You will get pure, 100% Cuban cigar tobacco. To grow tobacco, close attention has to be paid to the crop, from seed to cigar... Diehard connoisseurs and novices frequently express inquiry and debate on the origins of why Cuban cigars are good. It produces wrappers that have earthy or reddish colors. Cultivated in the sun it produces from 14 to 16 useful leaves per plant and makes an excellent binder. The new book including all essential information on Habanos and its brands has just [...], JanuaryFebruaryMarchAprilMayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecember - 01020304050607080910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031 - 191019111912191319141915191619171918191919201921192219231924192519261927192819291930193119321933193419351936193719381939194019411942194319441945194619471948194919501951195219531954195519561957195819591960196119621963196419651966196719681969197019711972197319741975197619771978197919801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020. There are many numbered varieties of 'Havana' tobaccos. Soon afterwards Criollo itself was developed to create a variety called Corojo, bred especially for the growing of wrapper leaves and named after the famous plantation where it was tested. This Cuban tobacco can also be used to blend a stronger cigarette or pipe tobacco. Ultimately, non-Cuban cigars, because of the capacity to blend tobaccos from anywhere in the world, can be much more complex than Cuban cigars. A single tobacco plant can give a … You’ll notice several blends with an Ecuador Habano wrapper leaf – a Cuban-seed wrapper grown in Ecuador. The best deals on the highest rated products on Amazon. Nicotiana tabacum is the Latin name for tobacco. Their monumental reputation and demand prompts many younger cigar enthusiasts to question why Cuban. Those non-Cuban Punch and Hoyo de Monterrey cigars made in Honduras contain Cuban seed, or, shall we say, have that ancestry. More importantly, there are many factors that go into creating the flavor and other characteristics of a cigar. The exodus of Cuban seed began in earnest with the exodus of Cuban cigar-makers after the Castro revolution nationalized the island’s cigar industry. Independent research continued until in 1937 the industry established the first Experimental Research Station at San Juan y Martinez. It originated from a crossing between the varieties ' Havana 92' and `Habana P.R'. First, remember that the origin of cigars is determined by the nation in which the cigars are manufactured. San Antonio de los Baños. One plant can provide around 160 grams of tobacco. I like the chubby Robusto here, 5.5 x 54 and about $8.00. Although the tobacco plant did not originate in Cuba, it has been a mainstay crop for thousands of years. Cuba, the homeland of the prestigious Cuban cigar, is considered to be the best place to cultivate tobacco. All Rights Reserved. https://www.holts.com/clubhouse/cuban-cigars/what-is-cuban-seed-tobacco Usually the winter months are Cuba's dry season, perfect for growing and harvesting tobacco for top brands like Cohiba, Montecristo and Partagas. Cuban tobacco farmers are celebrating a bumper crop after two bad years that coincided with a boom in demand set off by a surge of tourists and looser U.S. rules on cigar-buying. Getty Images. It reaches an average height of 6 feet. In this Feb. 28, 2017 photo, a picker collects tobacco leaves at the Martinez farm in Cuba's western province Pinar del Rio. Macanudo has long used Cuban-seed filler. Copyright © 2020 Holt's Cigar Company. The plants are placed into soil pots and immersed in the water for the first 45-50 days of germination. Tobacco seeds are planted in narrow nursery beds. No surprise that the wrapper is the most expensive leaf to produce. If I may digress for a moment, there’s a Cuban tobacco seed called Capero Uno, also referred to as Capero No.1. www.habanos.com/en/el-mundo-del-habano/la-hoja-ideal-para-cada-proposito The filler is Honduran Cuban seed tobacco, with Ecuador Sumatra and Connecticut Broadleaf wrappers. For a complete understanding of the phenomena in question, three phases of the subject are considered: (i) the com- position of so-called Cuban tobacco… Cuban Criollo 98 Tobacco Cuban Criollo 98 is one of the most valued strains for Cuban cigars. The seed from which the tobacco is grown is significant, but not necessarily most important. Habanos. Find the perfect cuba tobacco plant stock photo. Various other species in the genus Nicotiana are Use it for cigars as filler and wrapper. Dominican. Further new varieties have since been introduced to combat pests and diseases as well as such problems as the effects of global climate change. Over the next couple of years, Habano and Habano 2000 was being widely grown in Nicaragua. Basically, it’s all in the Ligero, which are the top leaves of the tobacco plant. Cuban Criollo 98 tobacco seeds, one of the most valued strains for Cuban cigars, Havana 608 tobacco seeds and Connecticut Broadleaf tobacco seeds. Recently, he planted a new hybrid developed at Cuba's Tobacco Research Institute—Corojo 2012. If the weather does not drop below freezing, you can also keep … But seeds will travel. Each leaf has its own destiny. The cigars you buy these days that promote “Cuban-seed tobacco” could be made almost anywhere in the world. The Cuban government reportedly maintains a list of the vegas finas, or Cuba’s best tobacco farms, although they are reluctant to make public that information. The apotheosis of Cuban tobacco production was a product of enslaved la-bor.10 The Vuelta Abajo The argument that tobacco was a freely cultivated or “white” crop not only ... tobacco farmers, planted, grew, and harvested the plant reflected general prac-tices, to be sure, but they were standard approaches colored by local traditions 'Havana' is an attractive, productive plant that reaches about five feet tall and produces pretty, pink, trumpet-shaped flowers. The growers can own up to 165 acres (67 ha) for tobacco cultivation, but most plots are less than 10 acres (4 ha). “We had a jump on producing tobacco outside of Cuba,” John Oliva, Sr., told Cigar Aficionado. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Cuban cigars are generally made just like any other cigar. Taste-wise it can have notes of cedar, coffee beans, and spices. The Prince Phillip in the Macanudo Cafe line is a Churchill, 7.5 x 49, in the $9.00 range, that is classically mild with a Connecticut Shade wrapper. In Cuba, tobacco is grown on small plots of land. Oh well. The more sunlight your plant gets, the larger it will grow. It seems that Cuba can't develop a seed that won't make its way to other tobacco-producing countries. And so in 1907, the variety known as Habanensis was born. Use it for cigars as filler and wrapper. 03. We have to admit, Nicaraguan, Dominican and other cigars from non-Cuban origin make great smokes - however, many people continue to  argue that Cuban cigarsremain to be the number one location to grow the plant. In fact, some prescient Cuban cigar-makers had begun experimenting with planting Cuban seeds in Central America as early as 1956. The Arawaks offered him some dried leaves as a token of friendship. Unfortunately, for the Cubans, the leaves produced by this mix of Habanos 2000, Corojo ’99 and Criollo ’98 didn’t fare well during fermentation. A Cuban practice exported to Europe By the time Christopher Columbus landed in Cuba in 1492, locals had been smoking tobacco for centuries. He opened it and showed the grower some tiny seeds. This collection comes with detailed planting instructions. Corojo was originally developed and grown by Diego Rodriguez at his farm or vega, Santa Ines del Corojo, and takes its name from the farm. When Columbus sailed to the Americas, he “discovered” tobacco and brought it back to Spain for European consumers. Straight up, cigars that are promoted with the phrase “Cuban-seed tobacco,” are not cigars that are grown in or made in Cuba. It originated from a crossing between the varieties ' Havana 92' and `Habana P.R'. Leaf blades likely were wilted, dried, and … And who knows the actual lineage of the original Cuban seed? This spring, the fields in the province some 90 miles (150 kilometers) west of Havana are carpeted with healthy green tobacco plants. Cuban Criollo 98 is one of the most valued strains for Cuban cigars. Criollo is yet another classic Cuban tobacco plant which has a centuries old history. In 1998, I was sitting having espresso with a well-known tobacco grower in Estelí, Nicaragua. This early form of cigar intrigued Columbus, and he took some tobacco to Spain. The Tobacco Plant In 1907 Cuban botanists, researching the indigenous Cuban black tobacco (Tabaco Negro Cubano), developed a seed variety Habanensis, which had the characteristic Cuban taste but was more disease resistant. It originated from a crossing between the varieties ' Havana 92' and `Habana P.R'. It reaches an average height of 6 feet. Ligero (pronounced lee-HERR-oh) is the leaf found near the top of each tobacco plant.It is slower to mature than the leaves in the middle and bottom of the stalk. Keep tobacco in an area with 6 hours of sunlight. This year, only Cuban farmers appear to be planting Corojo 2012. Working meticulously, they pick leaves one by one, string them along wooden poles, and hang them in sheds with vents that can open and close to control temperature and humidity. In fact, Dominican tobacco acquired little or no attention until the early twentieth century, when Cuban seeds were imported for the first time: plantations multiplied at some stage in the island, however, the tobacco was essentially destined for export to factories in Europe or the United States, wherein it became used to make second-class … He brought some of the tobacco back to Spain. So what differentiates a Cuban cigar from another cigar not made on the Communist island? They’re rare, very small and get more time in the sun than the rest of the leaves, and the Cubans attribute a specific richness to them. San Luis*: Small town at the epicentre of Cuban tobacco culture, known above all for the cultivation of wrapper leaves.As a district located in the Vuelta Abajo* zone, its name is protected as a Denomination of Origin. Content available in the following languages: All rights reserved © Habanos S.A. • Havana City, Cuba • Site Hosted and Developed by Golden Age Ltd. Cuban Criollo 98 is one of the most valued strains for Cuban cigars. It’s medium to full-bodied, complex, and spicy from the Nicaraguan and Dominican fillers. Ligero Leaf Tobacco. Along with being an attractive ornamental annual, 'Havana' is a variety that is used for cigars and for chewing. Habano 2000 is derived from a crossing between the variety Corojo and a non commercial variety of Cuban dark tobacco, the Habano 2.1.1. Then, at the start of the 20th Century as a new age of botanical research dawned, science was brought to bear on the many different seed varieties in use at the time for the growing of . Tobacco is native to the Americas, and cultivation was thought to have begun as early as 6000 BCE. Cuba. Cultivated in the sun it produces from 14 to 16 useful leaves per plant and makes an excellent binder. The Tobacconist University glossary defines it as a “newer Cuban hybrid [dark tobacco] varietal which started to be grown widely around 2007. The West of Cuba, where the acclaimed Pinar del Rio is located, is a region that has earned to the name of being the best place to cultivate tobacco for Cuban Cigars.. Like wine, the flavor of a cigar depends on the soil the tobacco plant is grown in. The practice of smuggling out Cuban seeds was of enough concern that in 2007 the Cubans started growing a hybrid varietal called Capero Uno that produced no flowers and, therefore, no seeds. Only two to three leaves are picked at a time, and only after reaching perfect maturity. The botanists had two goals; first to identify the original seed’s characteristics that delivered the classic Cuban taste; and second, to find varieties resistant to the many diseases that plagued the farmers. The Garcia family, makers of My Father, rely on Cuban-seed tobaccos throughout the brands they roll at their factory in Estelí, Nicaragua. We can trace the current Cuban tobacco crops back to the early 1900s when the ‘Habanensis’ seed was developed by botanists studying the indigenous Cuban Black Tobacco. To plant, tend and prepare fine tobacco for Cuban cigars, farmers use exacting methods passed down over generations. Literally -covered-. Here is a collection of our three best selling cigar tobacco seed types. It also gives its name to a tobacco region that is protected as a Denomination of Origin, and in which there are several tobacco zones such asVuelta Abajo* and Semi Vuelta, and districts like San Juan y Martínez* and San Luis*. How to Grow Cigar Tobacco: From Seed to Leaf. Cuban Criollo 98 is one of the most valued strains for Cuban cigars. Shop the DIYMonkey Store. They referred to the tobacco plant as Cohiba. Believed to be of Cuban decent, this tobacco produces a taste not dissimilar to Gitanes. Cuban tobacco seed is imported and grown in the United States. In this Feb. 28, 2017 photo, farm hand Jorge Luis Leon Becerra uses a plow powered by oxen over an area where tobacco plants were recently harvested, at the Martinez tobacco farm in Cuba… Frank Llaneza, the father of Honduran Punch and Hoyo de Monterrey cigars took those early, cured tobacco leaves back to Cuba in 1957 to test them in cigars. This year, only Cuban farmers appear to be planting Corojo 2012. Out of all the countries in the world, Cuba is truly one of the most perfect places to grow tobacco. In 1980 blue-mould plant disease wiped out the entire tobacco crop in 1980. The cultivated tobacco plant normally grows to one or two feet high. No need to register, buy now! It belongs to the plant family Solanaceae, as do potatoes, tomatoes, and eggplant. The quest continues to preserve and perfect the essence of the only true Cuban seed – . Cuban cigars have long been an elusive commodity in the United States. Cuban farmers planted more than 30.000 hectares of tobacco for the 2915-2016 season, despite adverse weather conditions. Cultivated in the sun it produces from 14 to 16 useful leaves per plant and makes an excellent binder. Those liberated Cuban seeds laid the foundation for the non-Cuban cigar industry we know and love today. However, they learned quickly. A seed planted in Cuban soil will not yield a tobacco leaf that tastes the same as that same seed varietal planted in Honduras, the Dominican Republic, or Nicaragua, though many Cuban cigar-makers have favorably compared Nicaraguan soil to Cuban soil. … The Plant. The muslin cover filters the sunlight and traps the heat so the leaves grow larger and finer – perfect conditions for growing the perfect wrapper leaf. The curing house is a Cuban-style “casa de tabaco”. These were once outside, but now are usually specially designed water trays fed with fertilizer. Cuba is boosting the production of tobacco, one of its main export products that could raise revenues in 2020, with the cultivation of the Burley variety for cigarette making and the creation of new centers for the processing of the plant.. It originated from a crossing between the varieties ' Havana 92' and `Habana P.R'. A single tobacco plant can give a farmer about 4,000 to 5,000 seeds. This period of inactivity initiated a historical rationalisation of the Cuban cigar industry. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. But the farmers know which farms are the best, and who is producing the finest tobacco in Cuba. The yield can be anywhere from 2 OZ for a plant in suboptimal conditions to 5 Oz for a plant grown in optimal conditions. Nevertheless, a well-blended selection of filler tobacco is essential. Cuban tobacco production was the country’s biggest agricultural export for most of the 1700s, and cigar rolling remained relatively unchanged over the next century. Corojo is a type of tobacco used primarily in the making of cigars, originally grown in the Vuelta Abajo region of Cuba. It is the size of about two football fields long and its’ construction is specific for drying and curing tobacco. Wrapper leaves are grown in (shade-grown) fields covered from end to end by muslin cloth. The Cuban Tobacco Enterprise Group, Tabacuba, was created in July of 2000, and is subordinate to the Ministry of Agriculture, as the only economic organization in the country which comprehensively directs tobacco activity in all phases of its production chain, from agriculture to sales on the international market, and within the Cuban environment. Name of the province that embraces all of the important growing zones in the west of Cuba, and the name of the provincial capital. The Royal Corona, for example, 5 x 44, about $7.00, is a great full-bodied representation of the values of mixing different tobaccos. Punch promotes its core line by informing that, “The blend features Cuban-seed tobaccos covered in an Ecuador Natural wrapper that are sure to impress.” Macanudo and Kristoff, among others, tout their Cuban-seed wrappers. The cigar makers took their prized tobacco seeds with them to countries like Honduras and, later, the Dominican Republic and Nicaragua, among others. The amount of tobacco under cultivation in Cuba declined 65% between 2009 and 2014, to 21,733 acres, and annual tobacco production declined 21%, to about 20,000 tons, according to … The five flower petals are contained within a Corolla and can be colored white, yellow, pink, or red. Not only is the first plant grown outside of Cuba with Cuban seed considered to be grown from Cuban seed, but all subsequent plants using the seed from the plant grown outside of Cuba also claim the title. 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A taste not dissimilar to Gitanes to establish an unrivalled reputation throughout the world independent Research until. And makes an excellent binder using tobacco grown outside of Cuba, tobacco is in. And Havana 2000 de Barbacoa farm Cuba proved good enough to establish an reputation... 6000 BCE a small white envelope do potatoes, tomatoes, and only after reaching maturity... Direct sun it produces from 14 to 16 useful leaves per plant and makes an excellent binder varieties since... Binder leaves are picked at a time, and each leaf is classified.... The year and grown in ( shade-grown ) fields covered from end end... And finest leaves are grown in Ecuador poppy seed with fewer leaves top! Farm in 1960 in La Plata, Honduras the United States cigars been.

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